Disease

Systemic Fungal Infections

The first fungal infection that comes to mind when we think of cats is ringworm. As you likely know, it doesnt involve a worm, but rather the fungus Microsporum canis. This is a skin infection that often has round, ring-like lesions. It is not life-threatening, although it does require exquisite hygiene and weeks of topical and/or oral medication to cure.

Urinary Problems: Herbs Are Not the Answer

A study in the Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery looked at using Chinese herbs to treat cats with urinary-tract problems. As we wrote in our September 2017 issue (go to catwatchnewsletter.com archives to read the article), lower urinary-tract problems are common in cats. The cause might be infection, crystal formations, or may be without known cause-the infamous idiopathic cystitis.

Happening Now: New Clinical Trial

The section of Oncology at the Cornell College of Veterinary Medicine needs cats for a clinical trial on injection-site sarcomas (also known as a fibrosarcoma), a tumor that can arise following injections. Although the cause is unknown, treatments are available, such as the anti-cancer drug carboplatin.

Kidney Disease Early

All too often, a sick older cat is brought to the veterinarian only to be diagnosed with late-stage kidney failure. Chronic kidney failure is one of the most prevalent illnesses in geriatric cats, but early detection and treatment greatly improves the prognosis for these cats. Unfortunately, cats tend to stay quiet when theyre ill and not all owners are aware of the initial subtle symptoms. Kidney disease can develop for months or years before it is detected.

Vitamin B12 for Cats With Intestinal Disease

A study published in the November 2017 Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine looked at cats admitted to a teaching hospital with gastrointestinal signs and low blood cobalamin (vitamin B12) levels. Twenty cats completed the study.

Study to Develop Blood Biomarkers of Feline Cancer

Cancer is a leading cause of death in cats, with tumors in the mammary gland, mouth, and skin being the most common. Currently, we rely on surgical removal of the tumor or a biopsy for diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment options. Since this procedure often requires anesthesia, we would like to find a way to use a simple blood sample to provide these answers.

Causes of Urinary Incontinence

A truly incontinent cat isnt able to control when and where he leaks, says Leni K. Kaplan, DVM, MS, a lecturer in the Community Practice Service at Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine. The best way to tell is to observe your cat. If he is posturing to urinate intentionally, then he is not incontinent.

When a Nasopharyngeal Polyp Makes an Appearance

Your kitten is now a young cat of eight to 12 months of age and the days of fighting kitten upper-respiratory infections are over. No more sneezing, no more runny eyes, you think. You thought you were out of the woods, but then one morning you notice your young adult cat has some trouble swallowing, maybe gagging, and a slight voice change along with some labored breathing at moments.

Alzheimers Disease in Cats

A study from the University of Journal of Feline Medicine, showed that a key protein can build in nerve cells of a cats brain and cause mental deterioration. Its actually a form of Alzheimers disease, say the researchers, and its the same protein that causes tangles in nerve cells in human Alzheimers patients.

Heart Disease in Your Cat

The first indication of a heart problem in a kitten or cat might be a murmur picked up by your veterinarian on a routine physical examination. Luckily, not all heart murmurs mean heart disease in cats, says Dr. Bruce Kornreich DVM PhD, board-certified veterinary cardiologist and Associate Director of the Cornell Feline Health Center. Many ostensibly healthy cats have murmurs, but depending upon the situation, follow-up diagnostics may be warranted when a murmur is detected in a cat.

Raw Diets Raise Salmonella Risk

Salmonellosis is a bacterial infection seen in humans and many animals. While dogs and cats are fairly resistant to the toxins, even they can become ill.

Senior Cats Need Your Attention

Were fortunate that many cats live well into their teens or even to 20 years of age or more. We generally define senior cats as any cat over 10 years of age. Geriatric cats can remain active and comfortable, but they are prone to certain health conditions. Being aware of these problems, reacting right away to changes, and providing recommended preventive care can all help keep your cat well into her later years.